The driver of a motor vehicle transporting hazardous materials must receive hazmat training on the applicable requirements specified in §172.704 of the federal Hazardous Materials Regulations. This includes General Awareness/Familiarization, Function- Specific, Safety, Security Awareness, and In-Depth Security training. In addition, the driver must receive modal-specific (driver) training on applicable requirements specified in §177.816 — Driver Training.
The driver must receive thorough training on the applicable requirements of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations Parts 390-397, and the procedures necessary for the safe operation of the motor vehicle.
Driver training must include the following:
- Pre-trip safety inspection;
- Use of vehicle controls and equipment, including operation of emergency equipment;
- Operation of vehicle, including turning, backing, braking, parking, handling, and vehicle characteristics including those that affect vehicle stability, such as effects of braking and curves, effects of speed on vehicle control, dangers associated with maneuvering through curves, dangers associated with weather or road conditions that a driver may experience (e.g., blizzards, mountainous terrain, high winds), and high center of gravity;
- Procedures for maneuvering tunnels, bridges, and railroad crossings;
- Requirements pertaining to attendance of vehicles, parking, smoking, routing, and incident reporting; and
- Loading and unloading of materials, including-
- Compatibility and segregation of cargo in a mixed load;
- Package handling methods; and
- Load securement.
In addition to the above driver training requirements, each person who operates a cargo tank or a vehicle with a portable tank with a capacity of 1,000 gallons or more, must receive specialized training on the applicable hazardous materials regulations and have the appropriate state-issued commercial driver’s license required by Part 383.
Specialized training shall include the following:
- Operation of emergency control features of the cargo tank or portable tank;
- Special vehicle handling characteristics, including: high center of gravity, fluid load subject to surge, effects of fluid-load surge on braking, characteristic
- differences in stability among baffled, unbaffled, and multi-compartmented tanks; and effects of partial loads on vehicle stability;
- Loading and unloading procedures;
- The properties and hazards of the material transported; and
- Retest and inspection requirements for cargo tanks.
The driver training requirements may be satisfied by compliance with the current requirements for a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) with a tank vehicle or hazardous materials endorsement. However, the hazmat employer must determine the applicability of the CDL and endorsements to the specific functions the hazmat employee will be performing and provide training for the functions not covered by the CDL and endorsements.