Training Requirements

When creating and maintaining an employee training program, it’s essential to consider which training is required by federal regulations or state laws. We’ve assembled these helpful charts to help guide you through some of the most common training requirements under federal law.

J. J. Keller® Training offers a robust library of training content to help you meet these and other regulatory requirements in workplace safety, transportation, human resources, and other areas. Whether you use our online E-Learning courses, streaming training videos, or both, you’ll know exactly how to maintain compliance with the regulations that apply to you.

DOT Training Requirements

Training Topic Specific Training Required Training Recordkeeping Required
Alcohol & Drug Testing
(49 CFR Section 382.601)
Drivers who will operate commercial motor vehicles in the United States requiring a commercial driver’s license (CDL) (Licencia Federal de Conductor in Mexico, commercial driver’s license of the Canadian National Safety Code), must be given educational materials that explain the requirements, and the company’s drug and alcohol policies and procedures. A signed certificate of receipt of information must be kept in the driver’s confidential drug and alcohol file (in a secure location with controlled access) for the duration of employment and for 2 years after it ceases.
Supervisor Reasonable Suspicion Testing
(49 CFR Section 382.603)
All CDL driver supervisors must receive 60 minutes of alcohol abuse training and 60 minutes of controlled substances (drug) abuse training. Supervisors have to receive this training prior to sending a driver for a DOT reasonable suspicion test. Recurrent training is not required. Documentation of the training given to supervisors must be maintained for as long as the supervisor is performing this function and for 2 years after it ceases.
Entry-Level Drivers
(49 CFR Part 380, Subparts F and G )
Establishes minimum training standards for drivers:
• Applying for their initial CDL;
• Upgrading their current CDL;
• Obtaining a passenger, school bus, or hazardous materials endorsement for the first time. Requires a prescribed program of theory and behind-the-wheel instruction provided by a school or other entity listed on FMCSA’s Training Provider Registry (TPR).
Driver, instructor, and training provider records must be maintained for at least three years from the date each required record is generated or received. If local, state, or federal requirements prescribe longer retention periods, the records should be kept under those guidelines.
Hazmat
(49 CFR Section 172.704)
General Hazmat Employees
All employees who perform any function subject to the Hazardous Materials Regulations, such as loading and unloading, preparing the packaging and markings, working with hazmat paperwork, and/ or driving the vehicle transporting the hazardous materials, must receive training. The required areas are: General Awareness, Function Specific, Safety, Security, In-Depth Security (if required), and Modal Specific. Initial training must be done prior to performing the function subject to the hazmat regulations. Refresher training must be given every 3 years. Records of training must be maintained for the duration of employment, and for 90 days after it ceases. The training record must include name and date of training, description, copy of (or location of) materials used, name and address of trainer, and certification that the employee was trained.
In-Depth Hazmat Security Awareness
(49 CFR Section 172.704)
Hazmat employers required to complete a security plan must also provide In-Depth Security training. Hazmat employees affected by a security plan must be trained on company security objectives, specific security procedures, employee responsibilities, actions to take in the event of a security breach, and the organizational security structure. Refresher training must be given every 3 years. Records of training must be maintained for the duration of employment, and for 90 days after it ceases. The training record must include name and date of training, description, copy of (or location of ) materials used, name and address of trainer and certification that the employee was trained.
Longer-Combination Vehicle (LCV)
(Part 380, Subparts A through D)
Operators of LCVs in interstate commerce and LCV-driver instructors are subject to minimum training requirements. A driver who wishes to operate an LCV must successfully complete a driver-training program that includes components addressing both knowledge and skills. The driver must successfully pass a knowledge test and a skills test. Documentation of this must be maintained in the driver’s qualification file. An LCV classroom and skills instructor must meet certain knowledge and training requirements. The LCV training certificate for a LCV driver must be maintained in the driver’s qualification file. Documentation of the driver-instructor qualifications must be maintained in the LCV-instructor’s driver qualification file.
Annual/Brake Inspector Qualifications Individuals who conduct periodic/annual inspections and employees who are responsible for brake inspections/maintenance are required to have training and/or experience totalling at least one year. Documentation of each inspector’s qualifications must be maintained by the motor carrier during the time the individual is performing this function and for 1 year after it ceases.